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Happiness Holding Tank

Identifier: PCMS-0004

Scope and Content Note

The Happiness Holding Tank Collection documents the life of the magazine (1970-1979) and contains manuscripts, business records (such as checklists, cover art, and miscellaneous press records), correspondence sent to Albert Drake, and photographs.


  • 1970-1979

Language of Materials


Terms of Access

The Happiness Holding Tank Collection, 1970-1979, is open for research.


Copyright of papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns. Researchers must obtain the written permission of the holder(s) of copyright and the Poetry Collection before requesting photocopies and/or publishing quotations from materials in the collection. Once permission is obtained, most papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures unless otherwise specified.

Historical Note

Twenty issues of Happiness Holding Tank: A Magazine of Poetry and Other Information were published occasionally by Albert Drake at The Stone Press in Okemos, Michigan from 1970 to 1979. As articulated in the first issue, the magazine sought to "publish interesting poetry," "publish essays on younger poets," "publish information of various kinds," and "experiment with printing methods." Demonstrating a strong "do it yourself" approach to publishing, Happiness Holding Tank was printed using a mimeograph machine, featured several collage and stamp art covers, and had two special Assemblage issues (6 and 13) in which contributors selected their own work, typed it up, laid it out, and made 400 copies which were collated and stapled together by volunteers during an Assemblage Night. Copies of the Assemblage issues were then sent to the contributors to distribute for themselves. The magazine also featured "information" like the article "How to Make Laser Art" in issue 3/4 as well as book reviews, announcements, and calls for work. Issue 9 is a special issue of poster poems done by Gary Snyder, Richard Kostelanetz, Albert Drake, and others. Although not exclusively regional, Happiness Holding Tank published a large contingent of writers and artists from Michigan and the Midwest, with contributions from Albert Goldbarth, Barbara Drake, Earle Birney, Carol Bergé, Linda Wagner, and Philip Whalen.


32.5 Linear Feet (38 boxes)


The Happiness Holding Tank Collection documents the life of the magazine (1970-1979) and contains manuscripts, business records, correspondence, and photographs.


This collection is arranged in five series.

Acquisition Information

Purchased from Albert Drake.

Accruals and Additions

No further accruals are expected to this collection.

Related Resources

Happiness Holding Tank. Poetry Periodical Collection (no call number; shelved by title)

Processing Information

Collection processed by Poetry Collection staff.


Finding aid for the Happiness Holding Tank Collection PCMS-0004
Finding aid prepared by James Maynard and updated by Marie Elia.
Description rules
Finding Aid Prepared Using Local Best Practices
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the The Poetry Collection Repository

420 Capen Hall
Buffalo New York 14260-1674 US
716-645-3714 (Fax)