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Darwin D. Martin photographs

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MS-0022-0005
Photographs, primarily 1904-1937, kept by the Martin Family, depicting the Darwin D. Martin House in Buffalo, New York, designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright. These photographs illustrate the exterior, interior, and grounds of the Martin House and the related structures, including the George Barton House. Included is an album showing the construction of the Martin House, July 23, 1904 to May 9, 1905; several views of the Marin House by Chicago photographer Henry Fuermann, some of which were used in an article about the house in the May 1908 Architectural Record; a series of portraits of Martin family members taken by Louise Mueller in 1912, which also show the interior of the house. Also included are photographs of members of the Martin family and a few photographs showing the Martin family summer home "Graycliff" at Derby, New York. Later photographs show the house during the period of occupancy by Buffalo architect Sebastian Tauriello, circa 1954-1965.


  • circa 1860s-1970s


Language of Materials

No textual materials are included in the collection.

Terms of Access

Darwin D. Martin Photographs, circa 1860s-1970s are open for research. Researchers are encouraged to consult the digital versions of this collection where possible.

Physical Access

Due to fragility researchers are required to use reference copies located in Series IX. Please refer to original photograph item numbers found in Scope and Content notes located throughout Series I to Series VIII. Where original photographs do not have corresponding reference copies, researchers may refer to the originals located in Series I through Series VIII.


Copyright of photographs in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns. Researchers must obtain the written permission of the holder(s) copyright and the University Archives before publishing from materials in the collection. Please see the Archives staff for information on copies of photographs.


11.76 Linear Feet (1 carton,15 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes, 1 flat boxes, 2 card boxes)


Photographs kept by the Darwin D. Martin family depicting the Darwin D. Martin house in Buffalo, New York, and their summer house, "Graycliff", in Derby, New York, both designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright, and photographs of the Martin family.

Historical Note

Darwin D. Martin was born in Bouckville, Madison County, New York in 1865. In 1878, at age 13, Darwin and his older brother Louis Francis “Frank” Martin traveled to New York City and began selling soap for the Larkin Company. The next year, Martin left New York for the Larkin office in Buffalo. Martin is often noted for his invention of the card ledger system in 1885, a system thereafter copied by countless other companies for tracking sales and maintaining customer accounts. In 1888, at age 23, Martin began construction on his first home at 145 Summit Avenue in Buffalo, New York, and one year later married Isabelle Reidpath (born 1869) of Buffalo. While at the Larkin Company, Martin continued to rise in the corporate hierarchy and make his fortune, replacing Elbert Hubbard as Corporate Secretary and as a member of the board of directors.


Photographs are arranged by subject in nine series. Subseries are also arranged alphabetically by subject and then chronologically therein. Photographs are numbered in the same sequence as their digital counterpart unless otherwise noted.

Acquisition Information

Original photographs were received at various times from members of the Darwin D. Martin family and others.

Accruals and Additions

No further accruals are expected to this collection.

Alternate Form

Digital versions of the Darwin D. Martin photographs are available here:

Related Materials

MS 22.0 Architectural Drawings of the Darwin D. Martin House and Graycliff, 1904-1988

MS 22.1 Frank Lloyd Wright Correspondence with Michael Meredith Hare, 1933, 1940

MS 22.2 Darwin D. Martin-Frank Lloyd Wright Collection, Reference Files, 1904-2010

MS 22.3 Graycliff Construction Photographs, circa 1926-1938

MS 22.4 Blueprints of the W.W. Davies Residence, Louisville, Kentucky, undated

MS 22.6 Darwin D. Martin Family Papers, 1878-1935

MS 22.7 Darwin D. Martin Correspondence with O.S. Lang, 1904-1921

MS 22.8 Frank Lloyd Wright-Darwin D. Martin Papers, circa 1888-1979

MS 22.9 Larkin Company Plans, 1904, 1912

MS 22.91 Darwin D. Martin Digitization Project, 2006-2008

MS 22.92 Darwin D. Martin Digital Images, circa 1860s-1970s

MS 22.93 Darwin D. Martin-Frank Lloyd Wright Collection, Oral Histories, 1971-1980

MS 22.10 Historic American Building Survey Drawings, Frank Lloyd Wright's Darwin D. Martin House, Buffalo, New York, 1986-1987

MS 68 Graycliff Conservancy, Inc. Collection

3/1/445 Friends of the Darwin D. Martin House records, 1966-1982

Processing Information

Photographs were compiled from several parts of the Darwin D. Martin-Frank Lloyd Wright Collection, MS 22. Collection was reprocessed and finding aid updated by Matthew Oliver, Danielle White and Gabrielle Carlo in 2015.
Finding aid for the Darwin D. Martin photographs
Finding aid prepared by University Archives staff.
Description rules
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the University Archives Repository

420 Capen Hall
Buffalo New York 14260-1674 US
716-645-3714 (Fax)