Attica Prison uprising printed materials
Scope and Contents
A collection of ephemeral publications related to the rebellion at the Attica Correctional Institution in Attica, New York on September 9, 1971. Some items are undated.
- circa 1971-1972
- Simon, Marc C. (Collector, Person)
Terms of Access
The Attica Prison uprising printed materials, circa 1971-1972 are open for research.
Copyright may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns. Researchers must obtain the written permission of the holder(s) of copyright and the University Archives before publishing quotations from materials in the collection. Most papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures unless otherwise specified.
In response to overcrowding and poor living conditions, a group of people incarcerated at the Attica Correctional Facility, a maximum security prison in Western New York, began an uprising on September 9, 1971. After the group gained control of portions of the facility, negotiations began with prison officials. A committee of observers including politicians and journalists was formed to oversee the talks.
When negotiations broke down, New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller ordered Attica to be taken by force. On the morning of September 13, tear gas was dropped over the prison and state troopers opened fired on a group of over 1,200 imprisoned people. In the chaos, 10 hostages and 29 incarcerated people were killed by police gunfire. Another 80 were seriously wounded, the majority of whom were people imprisoned at Attica.
Assertions of police brutality followed, and some imprisoned people said they were denied medical care for hours afterward. An investigation into the Attica uprising resulted in indictments of over 60 incarcerated people, with eight eventually convicted of various charges. One prison guard was charged with reckless endangerment, but his case was later dropped. A class-action suit filed in the 1970s on behalf of over 1,200 people imprisoned at Attica was settled in 2000 when a federal judge ordered New York State to pay $8 million to survivors. In 2005, the state also agreed to pay $12 million to the survivors and families of employees killed at Attica.
.2 Linear Feet (1 half manuscript box)
Language of Materials
A collection of ephemeral publications related to the uprising at the Attica Correctional Institution in Attica, New York on September 9, 1971, and the state's response.
Original order was retained.
The collection was gifted to the University Archives by Jacqueline Simon in July 2010. Material collected by Marc C. Simon.
Accruals and Additions
No further accruals are expected for this collection.
Processed by John Edens, November 2010.
Finding aid encoded by LIS 503, as a class project for the Department of Library and Information Studies at the University of Buffalo. Encoding completed by: Mark Ahrens, Olli Baker, Carrie Blabac-Myers, Anne Cataldo, Matthew Corey, Patrick Dunleavy, Kate Eicher, Alexandra Fernandes-Hall, Joshua Firer, Lorelle Gianelli, Kathryn Goldbach, Alicia Gunther, Lara Herzellah, Arielle Hessler, Geoff Hinman, Lisa Hoover, Jennifer Hunt, Evalin Kay, Stephanie Mathieu, Victoria Meiswinkel, Rachel Panepinto, Marjorie Prak, Peter Raimondi, Gina Singer, Tara Thompson, Tom Tran, Mary Tuttle, Margaret Usiak, Valerie Williamson, and Mien Wong.
- Finding Aid for the Attica Prison uprising printed materials
- Finding Aid prepared by John Edens.
- 15 June 2015
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note
- May 2022: Collection title and notes revised to reflect contemporary language conventions for groups of individuals.