University General vertical file
Scope and Contents
This vertical file is not comprehensive; it is comprised of ad hoc material collected over time by University Archives staff. Vertical files are often used by researchers as a "first stop" and serve as an orientation to the topic at hand.
The University General vertical file contains administrative histories regarding UB governance, including organization charts and directories. Administrative histories are useful as they generally contain citations to other sources, such as minutes, articles, etc., that are held in University Archives.
The bulk of the vertical file is comprised of clippings and publications regarding broad, university history, including UB organizations, events and conferences, campus unrest, issues and controversies, and academic planning (particularly the 1962 SUNY merger and 1967 reorganization of the College of Arts and Sciences into Faculties). These files offer researchers an overview of UB history from its foundations as a private university to the largest public university in the State University of New York system.
Terms of Access and Use
The University General vertical file is open for research.
Copyright of papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns. Researchers must obtain the written permission of the holder(s) of copyright and University Archives before requesting photocopies and/or publishing quotations from materials in the collection. Once permission is obtained, most papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures unless otherwise specified.
Founded in 1846 as the private University of Buffalo, UB began as a medical school. At first, classes were held in rented spaces in the city of Buffalo, until the first building was erected at Main and Virginia in 1849. The Schools of Pharmacy (1886) and Law (1887) were added, but it was not until the first liberal arts classes in 1913, and the official establishment two years later of the College of Arts and Science, that marks the establishment of UB as a true university.
At the same time, plans were taking shape to create a unified campus. Land was purchased (the current Main Street/South Campus) in 1909 and a major endowment campaign was held in 1920 to raise funds for building the campus. The campaign raised $5 million in 10 days in 1920. To give a measure of what was accomplished, it’s the equivalent to about $60 million today. The addition of Samuel P. Capen as the first full-time Chancellor (1922-1950) further served to unify the once loose collection of professional schools under a centralized administration.
During his twenty-eight years at the University of Buffalo, Capen established many University programs and educational experiments that helped to further the expansion of higher education. He helped to broaden the education of the professional schools, developed standardized curriculums, and personally handpicked a first-class faculty of full-time, academically trained professors. He also established the Millard Fillmore College for adult education and created the Bureau of Personnel Research, a counseling office, to administer programs that tested the achievements and personalities of students in order to provide better guidance for career choices and help them obtain employment. The numbers attest to his role as administrator: student enrollment rose from 1,687 in 1922 to over 10,000 by the time of his retirement in 1950.
The explosion of enrollment after WWII came with a rapid expansion of academics. Clifford C. Furnas, chemical engineer, metallurgist, aviator researcher, and Olympic athlete, was the University's ninth chief executive, holding the position of Chancellor from 1954 until 1962 when the University merged with the State University of New York and his title changed to President. Furnas undertook an extensive program of expansion and enrichment to meet the growing educational needs of Western New York. He was the guiding force in the merger of the private UB with the State University of New York in 1962, affording an infusion of funding. Between 1961 and 1963, over 200 new faculty were hired to meet growing enrollment demand.
Likewise, UB’s footprint expanded rapidly from the Main Street (South) campus to Amherst. The University at Buffalo's North Campus is located almost exactly in the center of the town of Amherst, NY approximately 3.5 miles from South Campus on the northeast edge of Buffalo, NY. In the mid-1960s, the University was quickly outgrowing its 178-acre campus, which was once the grounds for the Erie County Almshouse and County Hospital. After a few unsuccessful attempts to acquire land for a new campus in downtown Buffalo, the University looked to the surrounding suburbs. Then governor of New York Nelson Rockefeller helped the University acquire 2,000 acres in Amherst, and in October 1968, the University began the intensive planning for the newly acquired land.
Today, UB is the largest and most comprehensive research university in the SUNY system with more than 125 undergraduate degrees and 320 graduate and professional programs.
6 Linear Feet (file cabinet drawer)
Language of Materials
Contains administrative histories, clippings, reports, and miscellaneous printed material regarding the university at large.
H. Administrative History (includes organizational charts and directories)
G. Clippings (mainly by topic, A to Z; also by years)
0. Publications (general; publications are also included in other subgroups)
1. University Organizations
3. University History (mainly by topic, A to Z)
4. Conferences and Special Events
5. Campus Unrest
6. Studies and Evaluations
8. Academic Planning
9. University Publications
10. Issues and Controversies
11. State Employees Federated Appeal (SEFA) campaign
13. Agreements with other Universities
Material in the University General vertical file was collected by University Archives staff. Periodically, documentation is added to the collection.
Accruals and Additions
Further accruals are expected.
Processed by Amy Vilz, April 2019; finding aid encoded by Amy Vilz, April 2019.
- Finding Aid for the University General vertical file
- Finding aid prepared by Amy Vilz
- 10 April 2019
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note